2013-14 agricultural use summary
For 2013-14, A and B grades were awarded to all catchments for agricultural use of water.
For stock water, all catchments received A grades, except for Theresa which received a B.
For crop water, all catchments received A grades, except for Callide which received a B.
Callide:Site #2605 Site #1714
Callide:Site #2605 Site #1714
Callide:Site #2605 Site #1655 Site #1714
Lower Isaac:Site #2505
Fitzroy:Site #2504 Site #2510
Theresa:Site #2022 Site #2026 Site #2027 Site #2032 Site #2442 Site #2445
Mackenzie:Site #2508 Site #2509 Site #2222 Site #2223 Site #2224 Site #2225 Site #2226 Site #2227 Site #2230 Site #2231 Site #2233
Upper Dawson:Site #2568 Site #2587 Site #2547 Site #2557 Site #2563 Site #2219
Lower Dawson:Site #1657 Site #2439 Site #2440 Site #2524 Site #2525 Site #2526 Site #2527
Upper Isaac:Site #1896
Mackenzie:Site #27 Site #34 Site #1964 Site #2222 Site #2223 Site #2224 Site #2227 Site #2393 Site #2399
Mackenzie:Site #27 Site #2227 Site #2393 Site #2399
All available data from natural waters across the Fitzroy Basin was included in the report. However, this data is not collected specifically for monitoring the suitability for use as stock drinking water.Some catchments may have only several monitoring sites whereas stream water is used to water stock at thousands of sites across the Fitzroy Basin.
These reports are provided as a guide only and come with the following warnings:
- These reports are only a guide to provide an indication of the potential water quality for agricultural uses for particular catchments.
- Water quality can vary significantly, both between waterways and even along the same waterway. These results may not be reflective of water at a particular site of interest.
- These results relate to surface waters and not groundwater. The quality of underlying groundwater can vary significantly from surfacewaters
- Where poor water quality is suspected, specific water quality testing should be considered at an enterprise level to determine likely impact on production.
- Stock drinking water reports have been prepared by applying the Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality. These guidelines are trigger values below which there should be minimal risk to animal health.
- These reports are based on third party data. Third parties may not be sampling for all of the indicators that are important in determining suitability of water for stock.
About stock drinking water reports
For more information see the FAQ's page
Stock drinking water reports have been prepared by applying Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality to data in the Fitzroy Partnership database. These results are then averaged and graded using the Stock Water Method.
What water is graded?
Unprocessed (raw) surface water in creeks, rivers or on-stream storages has been rated for its suitability for stock drinking water.
Have all water parameters that might affect production animals been included?
No. Many factors influence the suitability of water for livestock watering. Requirements may differ between animal species (generally tolerances decrease in the order sheep, cattle, horses, pigs, poultry), and between different stages of growth and animal condition. Only chemical characteristic that may affect animal health have been used. The Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality also include biological and radiological characteristics but there is insufficient data available in the Fitzroy Basin to include these parameters in the reports.
Unless stated, guidelines and implication information is drawn from the Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality, Volume 3, Primary Industries — Rationale and Background Information
- Australian Government. 2007. Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality (2000). Australian Government PIMC – NRMMC. Online 17 October 2007. Cited: 16 June 2015.
- Balnave, D. 1993. Influence of saline drinking water on eggshell quality and formation. World's Poultry Science Journal, 49, pp 109-119. doi:10.1079/WPS19930009. Online. Cited 16 June 2015. World's Poultry Science Journal - Influence of saline drinking water on eggshell quality and formation - Cambridge Journals Online.
- Bioclyopedia 2012. Toxicity of Aluminium to Animals and Humans. Cited 16 June 2015. Source
- Department of Agriculture and Food 2007. Farmnote No. 249 – Livestock and Water Salinity. The State of Western Australia. Online. Cited 16 June 2015.
- Department of Environment and Resource Management. 2011. Salinity Management Handbook Second Edition. Brisbane: The State of Queensland. Online. Cited 16 June 2015.
- Hamlen H, Clark E, Janzen E. 1993. Polioencephalomalacia in cattle consuming water with elevated sodium sulfate levels: A herd investigation. The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 1993;34(3):153-158. Online. Cited 16 June 2015. Source.
- Linn, J. 2008. Impact of Minerals in Water on Dairy Cows. Online 12 November 2008. Cited 16 June 2015.
- Merry (1988), Cadmium Accumulations in Australia Agriculture (Editors J. Simpson and W. J. Curnow.) pp.62-79.
- NRC (National Research Council) 1980. Mineral tolerance of domestic animals. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
- NSW Department of Primary Industries, April 2014, Water for livestock: interpreting water quality tests Primefact 533, Second Edition Broken Hill. Online. Cited 16 June 2015.
- Pearce, B. 2006. Water Quality Salinity and Waterlogging; Presentation of the 14th Getting to Know Groundwater and Surface water workshop. Rockhampton : s.n., 2006.
- Underwood EJ 1977. Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. 4th edn, Academic Press Inc, New York.